University of Information Technology

Semantic Web and Ontology Engineering

Course Description

This course is intended to introduce the core concepts of the Semantic Web that promises to dramatically improve the current World Wide Web and its use. The main goal of the Semantic Web is to enhance the human and machine interaction by representing the data in an understandable way for the machine to mediate data and services. Semantic web covers many technologies like explicit metadata, ontologies, RDF, OWL, logic and inference for search query formulation, and intelligent agents. The course concerns search on the Semantic Web by covering discovery of knowledge via taxonomies, Web service based data searches and search by association. The course will also cover the SPARQL Query Language. The aim of this course is to teach the students the concepts, technologies and techniques underlying and making up the Semantic Web.

Intended Learning Outcomes

Upon the successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

  • explain the history of web, concepts of web and evolution of web
  • describe the technologies used in the semantic web
  • recognize how to structure the web documents using XML and DTD
  • convert the XML documents to XSLT
  • write the DTD and XML Schema for validating XML documents
  • observe how to describe web resource using RDF
  • illustrate the RDF graph
  • apply the querying approaches (X-PATH and SPARQL) in XML and RDF documents
  • model and design ontologies using Web Ontology Language (OWL)
  • built the ontologies using Protégé
  • use the ontology engineering approaches in semantic applications
  • compile the logic and inference rules for search query information

Text and References Books


  1. “A Semantic Web Primer”, Second Edition by Grigoris Antoniou and Frank Van Harmelen , MIT Press (2008), ISBN 978-0-262-01242-3.


  1. “Semantic Web and Ontology”, 1st Edition by Dahana Nandini, ISBN 978-87-403-0827-3.
  2. “A Semantic Web Primer”, Third Edition by Grigoris Antoniou, Paul Groth, Frank van Harmelen and Rinke Hoekstra
  6. Protege 5.2 Documentation

Assessment system

Evaluation Marks Percentage
Tutorial 10 Marks 10%
Attendance 10 Marks 10%
Assignments/Presentation 20 Marks 20%
Final Examination 60 Marks 60%